Gums protect and support your pearly whites and the tissue that holds them to the bone. When your gums aren’t healthy, you risk losing those teeth — and damaging your overall health.
Fast facts on tooth and gum care
- Here are some key points about teeth and gums. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Teeth are covered with a hard, outer coating called enamel.
- A tooth is primarily composed of minerals.
- Plaque is a sticky colorless film of bacteria that adhere to teeth.
- Plaque use sugar to produce acids, which eat away at the tooth’s enamel.
- Saliva constantly remineralizes teeth, protecting them from decay.
- Dental caries (decay) is the result of an infectious process.
- Early decay can be reversed by natural remineralization.
- A cavity is decay that has progressed to the point it forms a hole in the tooth.
- Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that causes gums to bleed with brushing.
- Tobacco use is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum disease.
- Within 3-5 minutes after exposure to sugar the teeth begin to demineralize.
- Chewing sugar-free gum after meals results in a significant reduction in the formation of dental cavities.
- People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing infections, including gum disease.
- Some people are genetically more prone to severe gum disease than others.
Your dentist will look for signs of gum disease during your routine dental check-ups. Signs may include bleeding gums, red and swollen gums, bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth, or teeth which have become loose. Should you notice any of these signs, it is important to visit the dentist in Doha Specialized Dental Center to discuss any concerns.